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578
THE IEON INDUSTRY.
heat of acid Bessemer steel. The statistics of production are given in Tables XXVII-A and XXVII-B, the latter' showing how the basic process has supplanted the work on acid linings.
TABLE XXVII-B. Production of Steel in Austria (not including Hungary).
Year.	Bessemer Steel.			Open Hearth Steel.			Total Steel.
	Add.	Basic.	Total.	Acid.	Basic.	Total.	
\ 1879	76,348	3,500	79,848	19,697		19,697	99,545
1880	75027	17,835	92,862	20,481		20,481	113.343'
1881	88,279	31,889	120J168	29,846		29,846	150,014
1882	101,230	57,714	158,944	39,740		39 740	198,684
1883	101,254	88,429	189,683	43,797		43 797	233,480
1884	86,855	70,987	157 842	40,009		40,009	197,851
1885	$8,288	76,821	165' 109	41,021		41 021	206,130
1886	60,016	105,839	165,855	25,861	11.204	37,065	202.920
1887	67,620	118,379	185,999	18,309	29,631	47.940	233,939
1888	76,533	139,127	215,660	25,572	50,962	76.534	292,194
1889	72,849	126,502	399,351	32,121	77,516	109;637	808,988
1890	76,684	103,180	179,864	29,204	133,808	163,012	342,876
1891	60,713	95,061	155,774	27,800	150,493	178,293	334,067
1892	50,379	100,841	151,220	20,114	180,951	201,065	352,285
1893	48,657	108,104	156,761	19,794	203,894	223,688	880,449
1894	47,784	133,131	180,915	17,729	254,835	272.564	453,479
1895	46,502	127,816	174,318	18,576	304,747	823.323	497,641
1896	46,931	157,216	204147	21,587	356,973	378,560	582.707
1897	38.-713	167,688	206,401	14,7rt4	405,098	419,852	626,253
1898	41,963	184,650	226,613	15,952	480.125	496,077	722,690
1899	38.538	186,643	225,181	18,314	540,894	559.208	784,389
1900	18,214	182,809	201,023	23,196	557,110	580,306	781,329
Owing to the high freight rates and the long- distances from the northern coal districts to the southern parts of the Empire a large quantity of coal is imported at southern ports. In the year 1899 the total coal raised was 41,000,000 tons, but only 11,450,000 was bituminous, the remainder being lignite. In the same yeax the imports amounted to 17,000,000. The gas works at Trieste sells coke for domestic use at $9.30 per ton. A large quantity of -West-phalian coke is brought to the blast furnaces of Bohemia and even to Styria, since the coke districts of Moravia and Silesia are unable to meet the demand. There is one large blast furnace at Trieste which uses coke from England and sometimes ocean-borne coke from Westphalia, and the smaller charcoal furnaces in the south often use a certain proportion of imported coke. The total production of coke in Austria in 1900 was 1,227,918 tons, almost all in Moravia and Silesia. The production of Hungary was only 10,000 tons.